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Applied Mathematics Colloquium – Alina Chertock, North Carolina State University
September 27 @ 3:30 pm - 4:30 pm
Title: Asymptotic Preserving Numerical Methods for Multiscale Problems
Speaker: Alina Chertock, Department of Mathematics, North Carolina State University
Abstract: Many phenomena in nature exhibit multiscale behaviors, which can be rather different in character. These phenomena can be categorized into two groups. On the one hand, there are problems featuring localized singularities, such as boundary or internal layers, shocks, and dislocations. On the other hand, there are problems, such as porous media flows, turbulent flows, and highly oscillating models, where microscopic and macroscopic scales coexist across the entire domain.
When several scales occur in a physical problem, using an approach that describes the phenomenon on a single scale is insufficient. Describing the problem at a microscopic level offers exceptional physical accuracy but is computationally impractical. Likewise, adopting a macroscopic description, where explicit equations for the macroscopic scale are used, effectively eliminating the other scales, is also unsuitable. As such, a multi-scale modeling strategy becomes essential. This involves employing different models to describe phenomena at various scales while balancing the trade-off between numerical accuracy and computational efficiency. The primary objective of multi-scale techniques is to develop numerical schemes that bridge the microscopic and macroscopic scales, outperforming the computational demands of solving the complete microscopic model while still delivering the desired level of accuracy.
Among many other approaches, a special class of numerical methods, known as Asymptotic Preserving (AP) schemes, was developed specifically for multiscale problems. The fundamental concept involves designing numerical techniques that maintain the asymptotic behavior across the transition from microscopic to macroscopic models within a discrete framework. Consequently, AP schemes seamlessly bridge the two scales: the transition between the two scales is implemented effortlessly in that a micro solver automatically becomes a macro solver if the numerical discretizations fail to resolve the physically small scales. As a result, the AP methodology offers straightforward, robust, and efficient computational tools for a wide array of multiscale problems, including kinetic, hyperbolic, and other physical problems. This talk provides an overview of the core concept, design principles, and several representable AP schemes.
Biosketch: Alina Chertock’s research focuses on nonlinear partial differential equations and their numerical approximations. Her work has centered on developing high-resolution numerical methods for problems that admit solutions with complicated structures. In particular, she has been developing new techniques for solving problems with complex geometries, moving boundaries, and material interfaces, problems involving complicated nonlinear wave phenomena and multiple scales, and problems that include uncertain phenomena.
Chertock earned a master’s degree in applied mathematics from Moscow State University in 1989 and a Ph.D. in applied mathematics from Tel Aviv University in 1999. Her doctoral dissertation, Strict stability of high-order compact implicit finite-difference schemes: the role of boundary conditions for hyperbolic PDEs, was supervised by Saul Abarbanel. After postdoctoral research at the University of California, Berkeley, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, she joined North Carolina State University as an assistant professor of mathematics in 2002. She was promoted to associate professor in 2007 and full professor in 2013. She has been department head there since 2015.
Chertock was named the LeRoy B. Martin, Jr. Distinguished Professor in 2021 and Fellow of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) in 2023.